Skip to main content

Upgrade Guides

IonicPortals iOS 0.6.0 -> 0.6.1

IonicPortals iOS version 0.6.1 is compatible with '@ionic/portals' version 0.5.x

Swift Package Manager Support

Add in the Xcode "Swift Package Dependencies" tab in the project configuration. The suggested version range is "Up to Next Minor Version" to prevent auto-updating to a breaking version before Ionic Portals iOS reaches version 1.0

iOS 13.0 Support

The 0.5.x versions of Ionic Portals iOS required iOS 14.0. In this release we have included support for iOS 13.0 and up. To support iOS 13.0 in your app, you should update your target to support the OS.

IonicPortals iOS 0.5.x -> 0.6.0

IonicPortals iOS version 0.6.0 is compatible with '@ionic/portals' version 0.5.x

PortalManager & PortalBuilder Removal

PortalManager -> PortalsRegistrationManager

PortalManager has been removed. It's registration functionality has been replaced with PortalsRegistrationManager.




PortalsRegistrationManager.shared.register(key: "YOUR_KEY")

Creating and Managing Portals

There is no need to add or register Portals with PortalManager. Just create an instance of Portal directly:



// elsewhere in your application

let portal = try! PortalManager.getPortal("name")


let portal = Portal(
name: "appname",
startDir: "startDir",
initialContext: ["someKey": "someValue"]

let portalView = PortalUIView(portal: portal)

The primary benefit of this approach is getting rid of a throwing API that is not necessary and eliminating a required and inflexible way of managing Portals. The Portal struct is simply configuration data for the view to determine what web assets to render and what data to provide it. If you find that you need to use the Portals in multiple places in your application, the preferred approach is extending Portal with static properties or methods:

extension Portal {
static let checkout = Portal(
name: "checkout",
startDir: "portals/checkout",
initialContext: ["someKey": "someValue"]

static func help(initialRoute: String) -> Portal {
name: "help",
startDir: "portals/help",
initialContext: ["initialRoute": initialRoute]

// Where you use the Portal
PortalUIView(portal: .checkout)
PortalUIView(portal: .help(initialRoute: "/faq"))

Your situation may require something different, but version 0.6.0 gives you the flexibility to take any approach you prefer.

Portal interface changes


The initialContext property on Portal has changed from [String: Any] -> JSObject. JSObject is a typealias from Capacitor for [String: JSValue]. JSValue is a protocol defined in Capacitor that the following types conform to:

  • String
  • Bool
  • Int
  • Float
  • Double
  • NSNumber
  • NSNull
  • Data
  • Array where Element: JSValue
  • Dictionary where Key == String && Value == JSValue

This change is breaking only in that this was an undocumented requirement when sending data to a Portal as data would be coerced to those types. However, any data that did not conform to those types would be lost. This change makes that requirement explicit.


Portal now has conformance for ExpressibleByStringLiteral for simple use-cases where the Portal name and start directory are the same.

// This creates a `Portal` with name and startDir as "checkout" 
// with no intialContext or liveUpdateConfig set.
let portalView = PortalUIView(portal: "checkout")

PortalWebView -> PortalUIView & PortalUIWebView -> PortalView

The PortalWebView (the UIKit class) name has been changed to PortalUIView. PortalUIWebView (the SwiftUI struct) name as been changed to PortalView. All other functionality remains the same.

PortalsPlugin and Native PubSub separated

In an effort to make the PortalsPlugin more focused on simply exposing native behavior to the Web, a new enum PortalsPubSub has taken the role of brokering the actual messages, with PortalsPlugin providing a small plugin interface wrapping calls to PortalsPubSub for Capacitor. PortalsPlugin is no longer publicly accessible, but is exposed to the Objective-C runtime for Capacitor to load.


let subscriptionRef = PortalsPlugin.subscribe("topic") { result in 
// do something with result

PortalsPlugin.publish("topic", "data")
PortalsPlugin.unsubscribe("topic", subscriptionRef)


let subscriptionRef = PortalsPubSub.subscribe("topic") { result in
// do something with result

PortalsPubSub.publish("data", to: "topic")
PortalsPubSub.unsubscribe(from: "topic", subscriptionRef: subscriptionRef)

Improvements and API Changes to PubSub Interface

A subscribe(to:) Method that returns an AnyCancellable

Having to manually manage unsubscribing from a PortalsPubSub subscription can be error prone and must occur to prevent a closure from being retained indefinitely, which could lead to memory issues. An AnyCancellable will run it's cancel method on deinit or when explicitly called. IonicPortals provides the AnyCancellable with the unsubscribe logic so you don't have to juggle managing a subscription counter that has no semantic value for your application.

import UIKit
import Combine // Needed for AnyCancellable visibility
import IonicPortals

class ViewController: UIViewController {
var cancellable: AnyCancellable?

override func viewDidLoad() {
cancellable = PortalsPubSub.subscribe(to: "topic") { result in
// Do something with result


Combine Support

IonicPortals has support for emitting SubscriptionResult through a Combine Publisher:

import Combine
import IonicPortals

// Emits `SubscriptionResult` downstream
let publisher = PortalsPubSub.publisher(for: "topic")

// Extracts the `data` value from SubscriptionResult
let dataPublisher = PortalsPubSub.publisher(for: "topic")

// Attempts to cast the `data` value from SubscriptionResult,
// returning nil on failure
let dataAsPublisher = PortalsPubSub.publisher(for: "topic")
.data(as: String.self)

// Attempts to cast the `data` value from SubscriptionResult,
// returning an error on failure.
let tryDataAsPublisher = PortalsPubSub.publisher(for: "topic")
.tryData(as: String.self)

// Attempts to decode the `JSObject` to any type conforming
// to `Decodable`
let decodeDataPublisher = PortalsPubSub.publisher(for: "topic")
.decodeData(MyDecodableType.self, decoder: JSONDecoder())

Swift Concurrency Support

only available for Swift 5.6 +

Added a subscribe(to:) method that returns an AsyncStream<SubscriptionResult>:

import IonicPortals

let task = Task {
for await result in PortalsPubSub.subscribe(to: "topic") {
// do something with result